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Pliers & Cutters 

The basic design of pliers has changed little since their origins, with the pair of handles, the pivot (often formed by a rivet), and the head section with the gripping jaws or cutting edges forming the three elements. In distinction to pair of scissors or shears,  the plier's jaws always meet each other at one point.

Here are a few examples:

Lineman's Pliers:  Used by electicians for grabbing small objects, cutting and bending wire, and occasionally as a hammer.   Linemans pliers have a gripping joint at the front and a cutting edge further back, generally the handles are rubber or plastic coated to reduce the risk of electrical shock. 

Linesmans Pliers  

Needle Nose Pliers:  Opposing jaws taper to a point for griping in tight spaces, usually have cutting edge on one side. 

Channellock 7 1/2in. Side Cutter Long Nose Pliers  

Lock Jaw Pliers:  Commonly called Vise-Grips due to the popular brand name.  Used for clamping objects together, also for locking onto stubborn bolts or fittings to loosen them.  

Irwin Vise-Grip Large Jaw Locking Pliers  12in. Length, Model# 12L3-12LC   

diagonal pliers:  Also called side cutters or dikes, used to sever or pinch off pieces of material / wire.

 Channellock 7 3/4in. Curved Diagonal Pliers

slip joint pliers:  Used in many applications, have multiple grooves to adjust opening size of jaws.

 Channellock 8in. Slip Joint Pliers

snips:  Used to cut sheet metal, come in straight, right cutting and left cutting versions.

 Olympia Tools Straight Cut Aviation Tin Snips  10in.

strippers:  Used to remove the sheathing from various guages of wire as well as cut and bend wire.   

 Channellock 6in. Wire Cutter/Stripper